Biomass pelletizing machine and biomass pellet fuel

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Utilization of biomass energy

Biomass energy has always been an important energy for human survival. It is the fourth largest energy only after coal, oil and natural gas, and occupies an important position in the entire energy system. Experts estimate that biomass energy is very likely to be an important part of the future sustainable energy system.

Recently, people use the biomass energy directly or indirectly. Crop straws, firewood and other biomass fuels are directly used as fuels. Forestry and agricultural residues, animal wastes, garbage and algae are indirectly used as fuels, they produce biogas by the action of microbes, or produce liquid and gas fuels by pyrolysis, and also make biological charcoal. Biomass energy is the most widely renewable energy in the world. It is estimated that the total biomass generated by photosynthesis only reaches 1440-1800 billion tons per year, and its energy is about 3-8 times the total energy consumption of the world in the early 1990s. But there is no rational use of these biomass, most of them are directly as firewood. The low efficiency affects the ecological environment. Therefore, it is imperative to speed up the conversion and utilization of biomass.

biomass raw materials

Characteristics of biomass pellet fuel

Biomass pellet fuel is a environment protection new energy, which is produced by  biomass pelletizing machine. The raw materials mainly are sawdust, wood chips, straw, rice husk, peanut shell, corncob, camellia shell, cottonseed shell and other biomass raw materials. The diameter of the biomass pellets is generally 2.5-10 mm.

  1. Biomass pellet fuel compresses the volume and saves the storage space, so the transport is convenient, the cost of transport is reduced.
  2. Biomass pellet fuel has high calorific value and purity of fuel, no other sundries that do not produce heat.
  3. The biomass pellet fuel does not contain sulphur and phosphorus, does not corrode the boiler. It can prolong the service life of the boiler, and the enterprise will benefit a lot.
  4. Biomass pellet fuel is clean and hygienic. Easy to feed. This reduces labor intensity and greatly improves the labor environment, and enterprises will reduce labor costs.
  5. The ash ballast of biomass pellet fuel is very few after combustion, which greatly reduces the site of stacking coal slag and the cost of ballast.
  6. Because of biomass pellet fuel does not contain sulphur and phosphorus, the combustion does not produce SO2 and P2O5. Therefore, it will not cause acid rain, air pollution and environmental pollution.

GEMCO biomass pelletizing machine

Biomass pelletizing machine is a kind of pretreatment equipment for biomass energy. It is mainly used to pretreatment and process the waste from agriculture and forestry processing to form high density biomass pellet fuel. The waste from agriculture and forestry processing is the main raw materials, including sawdust, straw, rice husk, bark, etc. 

GEMCO biomass pelletizing machine mainly is flat die pellet machine or small pellet machine.

Raw materials: Wheat straw, rice straw, corn straw, rice husk, peanut shell and other crops.

Pelletizing: The biomass raw materials pass through the extrusion of the roller and the die under the high temperature, then through the hole on the die, finally the high quality pellets roll out from the hopper.

Pellets: The biomass pellets are hard and smooth.

biomass pellet

Usage: Biomass pellets produced by biomass pelletizing machine can be used in living stoves, boilers, industrial boilers, power plants.

Usage of biomass pellets
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